Ecotourism, also called ecological tourism, is for people who like natural scenery and pristine, natural areas relatively untouched by humans. Ecotourism underscores the necessity for responsible travel, conserving the environment and often contributing to the welfare of the indigenous population. It can also fund ecological conservation of the region. This form of travel is a small scale, low-impact undertaking compared to mass commercial tourism. Since the 1980s, ecotourism has been viewed by ecologists as an important concept for future generations to experience places of natural beauty.
Many ecologists consider ecological or ‘sustainable tourism’ an oxymoron. Travelers need amenities like transportation, hotels and other commercial establishments, which by necessity undermine conservation efforts. The overall effect of ecotourism can also be negative where conservation ideals are masked by narrow commercial considerations.
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